Fertility is the natural ability to produce an offspring. It is a reproduction potential which is influenced by gamete production, fertilization and the capacity to carry the pregnancy to term. A lack of fertility is known as infertility.
To understand infertility/subfertility one must understand the term fertility and how conception takes place. The two most important factors needed for conception are
If a couple is trying to start a family there are certain things they need to follow to boost the chances of pregnancy
A balanced and healthy diet prepares females body for pregnancy and helps male maintain sperm production at optimum level
Exercising regularly helps both male and female maintain a healthy body weight, keep the body fit and also reduce the stress levels in the emotional world of conception challenges
Certain prescription medicines can reduce the chances conception, so in case of regular intake of medicines one must consult with their doctor. Recreational drugs must be strictly avoided.
Smoking is linked to infertility in male and female. In male it reduces the sperm quality and in female it causes early menopause. Smoking also causes premature delivery and low birth weight babies.