Male Infertility (subfertility) is the condition in which a male is unable to achieve a pregnancy in a fertile woman. Male partner is responsible for infertility in about 40% of couples. The main factors causing male infertility are
Reproduction is a natural process for most couples. However, for few couples, it is very difficult to conceive.
A man’s fertility depends on the quantity and quality of the sperm. If the man has low sperm count or poor sperm quality then it is difficult for him to cause a pregnancy. Approximately in infertility cases, male infertility accounts for 40-50% of infertility. It affects approximately 7% of all men.
In general, fertility reflects the overall health of a man. If men live a healthy lifestyle then they are most likely to produce healthy sperms and can easily achieve pregnancy in fertile women. Few reasons for the above mentioned conditions can be observed due to hormonal imbalance, physical problems or psychological problems. The lifestyle habits described below have the negative effect on male fertility. To lead a healthy life with less fertility complications it is advisable to strictly avoid them.
Antibiotic treatment may cure an infection of the reproductive tract, but doesn't always restore fertility.
Medication or counselling can help improve fertility in conditions such as erectile dysfunction or premature ejaculation.
The doctor may recommend hormone replacement or medication in cases where infertility is caused by high or low levels of certain hormones or problems with the way the body uses hormones.
In few cases, no sperms are present in the ejaculation and hence, in such conditions, sperms are retrieved directly from the testicles.
ART treatments involve obtaining sperm through normal ejaculation, surgical extraction or from donor individuals, depending on your specific case and wishes. The sperm is then inserted into the female genital tract, or used to perform in vitro fertilization or intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection.